The Amarna letters and the Ugarit archive docu- ment several cases of custom exemptions for messengers and merchants.
Nevertheless, the study of the inter-regional contacts would remain biased without considering the impact of unoicial mechanisms, which are very diicult to recognize in the oicial sources.
The resulting destruction triggers horrified reactions around the world. There is more information about provisioning and transportation issues on the road.
Not one of them dares to say: The modern opportunities of digital humanities have opened up many new avenues and triggered a boost of innovative research topics, methods and findings. Death Penalty The host king could demand that the ofending messenger be tried and punished by his own country.
The gifts give them honor and prestige: His ship is exempt from duty, when it arrives from Caph- tor Crete.
As for religion, gods were recognized to be worshipped un- der diferent names in diferent places, and statues of gods and goddesses traveled between courts. This Rencontre will serve as a platform for the exchange of ideas, presenting projects and reflecting upon the tasks and perspectives which lie ahead.
He made clear that the selection of the Egyptian messengers mattered to him as well: A summary appeared in Orientalia, Nova Series 22,A.
An Assyrian messenger was held for three years in the land of Hatti: A signiicant number of messengers around 28 are men- tioned by name in 23 letters from the Amarna archive.
These men are my merchants. According to Head The complex political and economic contacts in- cluded alliances and the exchange of gifts between the Great Kings through an intricate chain of messenger-merchants who traveled between the various courts.
University of California Press. Fortunes and Misfortunes of Messengers and Merchants The Assyrian king expresses joy upon the arrival of the Egyptian messengers: According to Warburton Yitzhaq Feder University of Haifa for reading this pa- per and making signiicant comments. Some of them are mentioned several times, such as the Egyptian messenger, Mane, and the Mitannian envoy, Keliya; but most appear only once.
A summary appeared in Akkadica 20, My brother should take up this case. Introduction During the Amarna period, political contacts and transactions became more pronounced, as exempliied by an increase in marriage alliances and by the large volume of exchanged royal gifts.
All the population of Amurru experienced the same joy upon the arrival of the Egyptian messenger and interpreter: Today, I have personally sent word to you. Some of these merchants had special privileges appropriate for envoys, including gifts of food and access to a ship Jones Proceedings of the 51st Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Held at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, July 18–22, Robert D.
Biggs, Jennie Myers, and Martha T. Roth, eds. 64th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale – Innsbruck JulyFirst Circular - October The Leopold-Franzens University of Innsbruck has the honor and pleasure to invite you to the.
Proceedings of the 60th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale Warsaw, 21–25 July Edited by Olga Drewnowska and Małgorzata Sandowicz In the week between July 21 and 25,the University of Warsaw hosted more than three hundred Assyriologists from all over the world. Proceedings of the 51st Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Held at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, July Proceedings of the 54th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale Proceedings of the 54th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale at Würzburg 20–25 Jul.
Edited by Gernot Wilhelm. La famille dans le Proche-Orient ancien: réalités, symbolismes et images. Proceedings of the 60th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale Warsaw, 21–25 July Edited by Olga Drewnowska and Małgorzata Sandowicz In the week between July 21 and 25,the University of Warsaw hosted more than three hundred Assyriologists from all over the world.Download