Secondly, Rossum argues that Wiercinski was wrong about Blacks in ancient America because a comparison of modern native American skeletal material and the ancient Olmec skeletal material indicate no admixture. When comparing this style of writing to the simpler cursive form of Egyptian hieroglyphic, called heiratic, over half were found to be similar.
One ship returned and told of the current that seemed like a river in the middle of the ocean. The gold they had been promised never materialized, and what little gold was discovered was sent to the Spanish crown.
First, a CAT scan of the skull was done, to allow an accurate working model to be made. Why would native Americans venerate images so unmistakably African if they had never seen them before?
Ignacio Bernal felt they could not be Africans because Africans before columbus do not have epicanthic folds. He took 1, ships of men and 1, ships loaded with supplies.
At this time, these slaves were only used as servants in Europe. Some of these Africans must have made it to the Americas, because there were sightings that indicated their presence in the New World. The Bay of Jars in Brazil has been yielding ancient clay storage jars that resemble Roman amphorae  for over years.
These civilizations received sufficient transmission to enable them to rise to greatness. The third and fourth leg returned him along a northern route home. He received a great deal of fanfare. The first one was the 25th Dynasty of Egypt B.
Ranging up to 9 feet and 4 inches in height, with a circumference of 22 feet, and weighing 30 to 40 tons, these colossal statues depict helmeted Black men with large eyes, broad fleshy noses and full lips. The ability to move large stones is reminiscent of another civilization located in Africa.
Motor park tout with foam for brains coming to discuss African history. It must be said, collectively, these communities are the victims of slavery as well as colonialism along with other Africans scatter around the world.
And no doubt, there are blacks in America before Christopher Columbus. Insultingly, he was forbidden to enter Hispaniola the colony he founded. Some were sculptures with African type features as well as African type hair.
Contrarily, the Caribbean Islands is often called the west Indies.
During the 19th and 20th centuries, several scholars wrote books and articles about this subject and urged the academic establishment to change primary and secondary curricula across the country to reflect the great contributions of African people to early America.
In a single day, De Las Casas was an eye witness as the Spanish soldiers dismembered, beheaded, or raped native people. Christopher Columbus is believed to have discovered the New World, his route was not a straight westerly route as one might expect.
A large stone statue of a Negroid character at the San Augustine Culture site in Colombia, South America, also show the same items in the hands of the statue see African Civilizations of America "James Williamson," website, community.
That practice is body scarification and specifically facial scarification as practiced in West Africa.
They might have journeyed into the Atlantic after iron ore deposits or a storm could have driven them into the Atlantic. Why am I even responding to a dunce like you?They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America.
This book makes it possible for us to see clearly the unmistakable face and handprint of Black Africans in Pre-Columbian America, and their overwhelming impact. Many African skeletons have been found in Mexico.
Carlo Marquez (, pp) claimed that these skeletons indicated marked pronathousness and prominent cheek bones. This skeletal evidence explains the discovery of many African tribes in Mexico and Central America when Columbus discovered the Americas (de Quatrefages, ).
Not only were native Americans present when he reached the New World, but also Africans, Asians and Europeans, among others, had been sailing to the Americas thousands of years before Columbus ventured across the Atlantic.
They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America (Journal of African Civilizations) [Ivan Van Sertima] on calgaryrefugeehealth.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
They Came Before Columbus reveals a compelling, dramatic, and superbly detailed documentation of the presence and legacy of Africans in ancient America/5().
Pre-Columbus civilization in the Americas had its foundation built by Africans and developed by the ingenuity of Native Americans. Sadly, America, in post-Columbus times, was founded on the genocide of the indigenous Americans, built on the backs of African slaves and continues to run on the exploitation of workers at home and abroad.
The Africans Who Discovered America Thousands Of Years Before Columbus by Nobody: pm On Mar 01, Olmec Head dated circa 1, BC [size=15pt]We know they were the builders of ancient American pyramids.Download